Human Resource Management (HRM) is a function designed to maximize employee performance of an employer’s strategic objectives in any organization. HR is the management of people within organizations, focusing on policies and systems. Human Resources departments in organizations undertake activities, including Recruitment, Training and Development and Performance Appraisal. HR is also concerned with industrial relations, that is, the balancing of organizational practices with requirements arising from collective bargaining and from governmental laws.
The Human Resources Specialist (often referred to as an HR Specialist) helps find job candidates who are most qualified to meet them. He or she screens job candidates by looking at their resumes, conducting interviews and performing background checks. The HR Specialist may also inform applicants of their acceptance or rejection. A HR Specialist may orientate new hires by explaining company or organization policies, procedures and benefits. Some HR Specialists also have other duties including benefits administration and employee retention. Human Resources Specialists may be generalists or they may specialize. Specialty areas include Recruitment, Interviewing and Job placement.
Human Resources as a Career Path-Human Resources practitioners are over half a million in North America, the HR Director is the highest ranking HR executive in most companies and typically reports directly to the Chief Executive Officer and works with the Board of Directors on CEO succession. HR positions generally fall into one of two categories: Generalist and Specialist. Generalists support employees directly with their questions, grievances, and work on a range of projects within the organization. They may handle all aspects of human resources work, and thus require an extensive range of knowledge. The responsibilities of Human Resources Generalists can vary widely, depending on their employer’s needs. Specialists, conversely work in a specific HR functions. Some practitioners will spend an entire career as either a Generalist or a Specialist while others will obtain experiences from each and choose a path later. Being a HR Manager consistently ranks as one of the best jobs, due to its pay, personal satisfaction, job security, future growth, and benefit to society. Human Resource Consulting is a related career path where individuals may work as advisers to companies and complete tasks outsourced from companies.